The U.S. military introduced 30-06 ammo back in 1906 to feed their standard service rifle. Over time, the.30-caliber round, pronounced “thirty-aught-six”, replaced a number of other military cartridges, but proved to be incredibly capable for a variety of weaponry. So capable, in fact, the U.S. military and allied forces continued to use .30-06 ammo in rifles and machine guns for almost 70 years. It was replaced by the current standard 5.56mm and 7.62mm. Today, the .30-06 Springfield cartridge remains popular among sportsmen like competitive shooters and hunters.
One reason the 30-06 round was so popular was because it was designed to be effective at longer ranges. Although it’s available in a variety of weights and designs, a 180-grain 30-06 bullet is fairly common. On paper, the .30-06 cartridge has a muzzle velocity of 2,700 feet-per-second and 2,913 foot-pounds of energy. Going the distance, velocity drops to 1,667 fps at 500 yards and 1,111 ft-lbs of energy.
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